September 30, 2023


Only Automotive

Proportion of a CITY CAR – ideas on automotive design

3 min read

The aim of this tutorial is to present you an concept of learn how to finest begin a brand new venture on this planet of automotive design. Each newcomers, college students and even professionals really feel the identical difficulties whendrawing a automobile sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than.

The aim of this tutorial is to present you an concept of learn how to finest begin a brand new venture on this planet of automotive design. Newbies, college students, and even professionals alike expertise the identical difficulties when drawing a automobile sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than. 

Earlier than beginning a venture, it is extremely useful to know the fundamental proportions and hardpoints of the thing. Familiarize your self with the package deal and proportions first.

This instance ought to encourage you to research the fundamental proportions of various car sorts.


All the time give attention to the facet view first. The facet view accommodates all the mandatory data it is advisable to draw a automobile. After internalizing the fundamental proportions, it is going to be simpler so that you can get outcomes for the reason that primary structure is right. 

For the aim of this tutorial, let’s assume it is advisable to design a metropolis automobile. Within the first image beneath, you see the identical automobile however with completely different proportions. Their overhang, wheel measurement, and cabin-to-body ratios are completely different.

The automobile might be constructed or designed like these. Nonetheless, between the 2 designs, the higher one is extra convincing. That is primarily because of the cabin-to-body ratio. To keep away from the error made within the second design and stop different errors, take a detailed have a look at the proportions.

First, attempt to discover out the size and top of the automobile. To seek out the right wheelbase, it helps to take one wheel as a base unit. Now you may guess what number of wheels match between the entrance and rear axle.

Additionally, you may see that the overhang of the entrance and rear is about half a wheel. The rear is a bit shorter. The peak is barely multiple wheel.

Within the subsequent step, attempt to get a way of the cabin-to-body ratio. This data is extraordinarily essential as most vehicles are roughly made out of two packing containers, that are the cabin and physique. It is best to know in what ratio the higher field (cabin) is ready on the decrease field (physique). You’ll by no means go mistaken assuming a 1/3 to 2/3 ratio. Whether or not you might be drawing a facet view or a perspective view, you need to take note of it.

The roofline of a automobile is often not straight however follows a dynamic curve. The pinnacle of the occupants often determines the height of the curve. To seek out the placement of the roofline, it helps to attract a straight line down and see in what quantity the road intersects the bottom line.

Subsequent, have a look at the shoulder. You’ll discover that just about each vehicle has a sure angle. This offers the entire automobile a ahead movement and makes it look dynamic even when it’s not transferring. You possibly can emphasize this angle generally extra and generally much less. 

Now, you too can verify the place the entrance gentle and the rear gentle are positioned. For those who draw a vertical line from the start of the sunshine downwards, you’ll see that it overlaps the entrance and rear wheel.

One other essential level is the place of the A-pillar. It provides you details about the angle of the windshield. For those who lengthen the A-pillar, you see that it’s tangent to the entrance wheel. The door joint is often positioned the place the A-pillar begins. On this case, barely offset behind the entrance wheel.

After finishing the steps above, you’ll have an approximate skeleton of the automobile. When drawing your design on this skeleton, you’ll all the time hit the correct proportions. 

Now, you may have all the knowledge wanted to start out drawing your personal automobile. For those who comply with this tutorial, you may make sure to meet the fundamental package deal and technical necessities of designing a car with the correct proportions. It will make your sketch look convincing and real looking.
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